Climate change adaptation and mitigation

Knowledge Sharing on Climate Change Innovations and Practices through Business and Information Centres and a Knowledge Management System

ALIN was contracted as a partner by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MEF) in USAID/UNDP funded Low Emission and Climate Resilient Development (LECRD) project to implement a Knowledge Sharing on Climate Change Innovations and Practices through Business and Information Centres and a Knowledge Management System. The project had 3 key outputs:

Task 1: Feasibility Studies, Identification of the Centres and Development of Appropriate Business Model.

ALIN carried out feasibility studies for the establishment of Business and Information Centres and develop appropriate business models. This entailed visiting various locations identified by the Ministry to assess their suitability in hosting a sustainable centre model.

Task 2: Construction and Equipping of centres, awareness creation and operationalization

ALIN on behalf of the MEF conducted and Environmental Impact Assessment, engaged all Architectural and Engineering design services, appointed a contractor and delivered a functional Community Education Business and Information Centre (CEBIC) in Lesidai Samburu County; which serves as a facility for enhancing resilience to climate change through access of timely and up-to date information and business opportunities.

In this project, the community provided 3 acres of land in Lesidai, Samburu for the establishment of the CEBIC which they recognize as a facility that will bring services closer to them, hence support their economic wellbeing as well as enhance resilience to climate change. The project brings other sector players including the County Government of Samburu which is supporting the CEBIC as the main host and ALIN as a facilitator of the activities.

The complete center in Lesidai, Losuk ward in Samburu County

The Lesidai CEBIC is a model centre for the counties in the Arid and Semi-Arid regions that will promote access to information create business opportunities and support livelihoods for vulnerable communities with the view of enhancing resilience of these communities to the vagaries of climate change. Lesidai is located in Losuk which one of the 5 wards in Samburu West Sub-county with a geographical coverage of 690.8 Km2. The total population is approximately 20,000 persons-while as the whole Sub-county has a total population of 92,676. The centre will offer services such as renewable energy shop, agrovet shop, ICTs services, mobile banking, community library, outreach and demonstration centre centre for energy products. Though this model, ALIN will be able to implement many community initiatives in Samburu County.

Task 3: Equipped and Operational Climate Change Knowledge Management System
ALIN designed and produced a climate change knowledge management system to enhance the creation and sharing of knowledge. The online system will provide a ‘one stop shop’ for users who need diverse information, data, and tools on climate change adaptation. The aim of the portal is to help provide policy makers and development practitioners with a resource to explore, evaluate, synthesize, and learn about climate related vulnerabilities and risks at multiple levels of details. The system relate to the other activities proposed and have the following functionalities;

  1. Have a one-stop shop on institutions involved in climate change adaptation.
  2. Theme being addressed by each institution
  3. Location of the institutions – This will be linked to Google maps to give the users a visual snapshot of least and most exposed areas in terms of coverage.
  4. Professional and groups working on climate change adaptation issues
  5. Increased institutional capacities – the field officers have trained staff from organisations affiliated or in the vicinity of the centres helping to build their IT and information management capacities.
  6. Data on climate change from various institutions
  7. A mailing lists of people registered to receive information on climate change

Task 4: Facilitate production and distribution of quarterly magazine (similar to Joto Afrika).
Throughout the entire project period, ALIN produced ?? issues of its climate change magazine, JotoAfrika.

Increasing awareness of Renewable Energy Technologies
and their Applications in Kajiado County

ALIN with support from the Hivos Green and Inclusive Energy Programme implemented a Project dubbed “Increasing awareness of renewable energy technologies and their applications in Kajiado County.” The Project developed the Kajiado County Renewable Energy Atlas, which provides the Kajiado County Government and others stakeholders with high quality, publicly available data on renewable energy resources and also acts as a catalyst to trigger planning and policy development and help attract investors in the renewable energy markets in Kajiado County.

The Atlas data is essential for the transition to a clean energy economy that prioritizes local resources, improves resilience and promotes energy independence. Furthermore, the Atlas also supports the implementation of the Energy Act, 2019 which requires both the National and County Government to collect and maintain energy data, to undertake feasibility studies, and to avail data to developers of energy resources and infrastructure.

The Atlas contains maps of borehole distribution in the county, existing and potential solar energy sites in the county, existing and potential wind energy sites (with data about the wind speeds in different parts of the county), existing and potential geothermal energy sites (with data about the geological makeup of different parts of the county), existing and potential hydropower sites, as well as existing and potential biomass sites.
The Atlas is designed as a resource for use by those interested in furthering the production of electricity, heat and fuels from solar, wind, geothermal, hydro and biomass in the county. These include the public, policymakers, advocates, landowners, developers, utility companies and prospectors.

Understanding the location and potential of renewable energy resources is, therefore, a crucial pre-requisite to their utilization, and the scale up of clean and secure sources of electricity generation. A resource map is thus important to help county governments to better coordinate the development of different renewable energy resources.

ALIN also organized 7 monthly Non State Actors Learning and Consultative Forums in Kajiado County. The monthly forums, usually brought together 30 NSAs working on energy access and advocacy on renewable energy to share opportunities, best practices, experiences and to identify opportunities for collaborative work.

The forums helped to strengthen coordination, learning and experience sharing amongst NSAs working on energy access and advocacy on renewable energy. They also facilitated institutional learning, common problem solving, capacity building and networking in the NSA space to promote the adoption of renewable energy in Kajiado County.

Launch of the Kajiado County Renewable Energy Atlas.

Kajiado Communities Adopt Clean Cooking Using
Tubular Biogas Technology

Access to affordable, modern energy services is a prerequisite to sustainable development and poverty alleviation and more specifically, for achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs). Nguruman and Isinya Maarifa centres in Kajiado County initiated a community green energy conservation project in 2011 involving 21 farmers. The project involved recycling cow-dung to generate biogas for cooking and lighting given that communities rely mainly on firewood and paraffin. Through a participatory approach, ALIN carried out a rapid assessment among pastoral farmers to gauge their interest in piloting tubular biogas systems as an approach to mitigate climate change and to promote sustainable access to clean cooking energy resources. A four days training was undertaken where farmers practically installed the bio-digesters as they learned the new skills.

To install a tubular biogas system, you need a heavy-duty silage plastic tube measuring 10 metres long by 3.2 metres, two PVC tubes, PVC pipes, gate valves, sockets, nipples and flexible tube for connecting to the specially fabricated biogas burner, two hundred litres of cow-dung and 200 litres of water.
All these materials costs Kenya shillings five thousand making it a very affordable system for the farmers. In addition, each farmer needs a steady supply of fresh cow-dung that is mixed with water for feeding in the bio-digester. After installation the system takes 5 to 7 days to start gas production.

Tubular biogas technology is affordable and has many benefits that include;

  • Avail clean and efficient energy for cooking food and lighting at night replacing the use of firewood to cook and paraffin for lighting.
  • Reduce children and women’s vulnerability to respiratory diseases and eye irritations caused by smoke and other harmful particulates.
  • Reduce children and women’s workload in fetching fuel wood.
  • Reduce deforestation caused because of fetching firewood and burning charcoal.
  • Improve general sanitation and good management of livestock waste
  • Reduce carbon emissions that cause global warming.
  • Contributes towards increased productivity at family level.
  • Enhances food security since the slurry from the digester is a good organic fertilizer.

Mama Lucy Ndung’u of Nguruman is a business lady who runs a hotel at Endasopia market and testified as follows;

‘’Since ALIN trained us on production of biogas technology through the Nguruman Maarifa centre in March 2011, my family activities have changed. I have reduced firewood consumption and the money (USD 40 monthly) I used for buying firewood; I am saving for family projects. I am also able to serve my customers with clean food cooked from a smoke free environment. Before I started using biogas, I was having recurring chest congestion but this problem has ceased and I can attribute this to using biogas since its smokeless! I have always been worried when I see changing rain patterns. I now feel good to be a key player in mitigating climate change’’.

The adoption of tubular biogas technology is sustainable given the technology is affordable and the trained farmers are motivated to transfer the technology at a small fee therefore earning some income. The availability of abundant cow dung, goats and chicken droppings in the area has enhanced the adoption of the technology among the community.

For more testimonies and

A video is available

Tubular Biogas technology installation at Nguruman.